Porphyria and kidney diseases

Abstract : The kidneys, after the bone marrow and liver, are third in terms of the amounts of haem synthesized daily. Haem is incorporated into haemoproteins that are critical to renal physiology. In turn, disturbances in haem metabolism interfere with renal physiology and are tightly interrelated with kidney diseases. Acute intermittent porphyria causes kidney injury, whereas medical situations associated with end-stage renal disease, such as porphyrin accumulation, iron overload and hepatitis C, participate in the inhibition of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase and predispose the individual to porphyria cutanea tarda. Even if some of these interactions have been known for a long time, the clinical situations associated with these interrelations have strikingly evolved over time with the advent of new therapeutic strategies for dialysis therapy and a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of porphyria-associated kidney disease. Physicians should be aware of these interactions. The aim of this review is to summarize the complex interactions between kidney physiology and pathology in the settings of porphyria and to emphasize their often-underestimated importance.
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Contributor : Zoubida Karim <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 1:53:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 1:46:14 AM

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Nicolas Pallet, Alexandre Karras, Eric Thervet, Laurent Gouya, Zoubida Karim, et al.. Porphyria and kidney diseases. Clinical Kidney Journal, Oxford University Press, 2018, 11 (2), pp.191-197. ⟨10.1093/ckj/sfx146⟩. ⟨hal-02351440⟩

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