A semigroup approach to the convergence rate of a collisionless gas

Abstract : We study the rate of convergence to equilibrium for a collisionless (Knudsen) gas enclosed in a vessel in dimension n = 2 or 3. By semigroup arguments, we prove that in the L1 norm, the polynomial rate of convergence given in Tsuji, Aoki and Golse, 2010 and Kuo, Liu and Tsai, 2013 can be extended to any sufficiently regular domain, with standard assumptions on the inital data. This is to our knowledge, the first quantitative result in collisionless kinetic theory in dimension equal to or larger than 2 relying on deterministic arguments that does not require any symmetry of the domain, nor a monokinetic regime. The dependancy of the rate with respect to the initial distribution is detailed. We adress for the first time the case where the temperature at the boundary varies and the equilibrium distribution is no longer explicit. The demonstrations are adapted from a deterministic version of a subgeometric Harris' theorem recently established by Cañizo and Mischler, 2019. We also compare our model with a free-transport equation with absorbing boundary.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 11:21:56 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 10, 2019 - 1:30:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02350998, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1911.03228

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Armand Bernou. A semigroup approach to the convergence rate of a collisionless gas. 2019. ⟨hal-02350998⟩

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