Rôle des relations interpersonnelles et des variables individuelles dans la survenue de symptômes de dépression postnatale post-accouchement prématuré

Abstract : Background While many studies have focused on postpartum depression post-childbirth, there is a lack of empirical data regarding such a disorder following premature delivery. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence rate of women developing postnatal depression following preterm birth and highlighting associated features. Method In the 4 weeks following the preterm infant's hospital discharge (mean time since discharge [SD] = 2.15 [1.02] weeks), a sample of 181 French women who delivered prematurely completed questionnaires assessing postpartum depression, quality of life and marital relationship and partner support. Results About 64.3% of our sample reported a score on the EPDS highlighting a probable postpartum depression. Mean time since the infant's discharge (ß = 0.18, P < 0.05), having an infant who experienced ventilator support (ß = 0.21, P < 0.05), primiparity (ß = −0.14, P < 0.05), and decreased quality of marital relationship (ß = −0.41, P < 0.05) were independently associated with the intensity of postpartum depressive symptoms. Discussion Even though preterm birth does not necessarily lead women to develop psychiatric disorders, this study underlines that premature delivery might have a negative impact on women's well-being. Given the lack of empirical data in this area, further researches are warranted.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 11:09:18 AM
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N. Goutaudier, N. Sejourne, H. Chabrol. Rôle des relations interpersonnelles et des variables individuelles dans la survenue de symptômes de dépression postnatale post-accouchement prématuré. Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture, Elsevier Masson, 2014, 27 (2), pp.53-61. ⟨10.1016/j.jpp.2014.01.001⟩. ⟨hal-02350945⟩

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