Nitrogenation and sintering of (Nd-Zr)Fe10Si2 tetragonal compounds for permanent magnets applications

Abstract : Nd(1-x)Zr(x)Fe10Si2 alloys have been prepared in the tetragonal ThMn12-type structure by arc-melting and melt-spinning and then nitrogenated to improve their magnetic properties. For x = 0.4 and 0.6 the Curie temperature and magnetic anisotropy fields increase from 280-300 ºC to about 390 ºC and from 2.8-3 T to 4.5-5 T respectively. The saturation magnetization remains almost unchanged. The nitrogenated powders were processed by spark plasma sintering (SPS) leading to compact pellets, which retain the full nitrogen content and magnetic properties up to 600 ºC, but segregated Fe-Si at elevated temperatures. Nitrogenation and SPS processing are, therefore, appropriate for sintering metastable materials such as (Nd,Zr)Fe10Si2 into compact material without loosing functional properties. This opens a way towards a new family of permanent magnets, lean of critical raw materials.
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J. M. Barandiaran, A. Martin-Cid, A. M. Schönhöbel, J. S. Garitaonandia, M. Gjoka, et al.. Nitrogenation and sintering of (Nd-Zr)Fe10Si2 tetragonal compounds for permanent magnets applications. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Elsevier, 2019, 784, pp.996-1002. ⟨10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.01.044⟩. ⟨hal-02349647⟩

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