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Confocal fluorescence correlation spectroscopy through a sparse layer of scattering objects

Abstract : In the presence of strong light scattering, as often encountered in biological tissue, optical microscopy becomes challenging and technical demanding. Beside image quality, the quantitative determination of molecular properties is also strongly affected by scattering. We have carried out fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) experiments, in a solution of fluorophores, through a sparse scattering layer made of dielectric beads. We observe that the fluorescence signal steadily decreases as the focus is moved away from the scattering layer. By contrast, the estimated number of molecules recovers its normal value beyond a characteristic distance of about twice the bead diameters, below which it is strongly biased. Accompanying theoretical modeling demonstrates how diffraction and refraction by the scattering layer and their impact on FCS measurements depend on size and refractive index of the beads.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02346996
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 10:23:43 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 4:30:49 PM
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Anirban Sarkar, Joseph Gallagher, Irène Wang, Giovanni Cappello, Jörg Enderlein, et al.. Confocal fluorescence correlation spectroscopy through a sparse layer of scattering objects. Optics Express, Optical Society of America - OSA Publishing, 2019, 27 (14), pp.19382. ⟨10.1364/OE.27.019382⟩. ⟨hal-02346996⟩

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