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Cell remodeling and subtilase gene expression in the actinorhizal plant Discaria trinervis highlight host orchestration of intercellular Frankia colonization

Abstract : Nitrogen-fixing filamentous Frankia colonize the root tissues of its actinorhizal host Discaria trinervis via an exclusively intercellular pathway. Here we present studies aimed at uncovering mechanisms associated with this little-researched mode of root entry, and in particular the extent to which the host plant is an active partner during this process. Detailed characterization of the expression patterns of infection-associated actinorhizal host genes has provided valuable tools to identify intercellular infection sites, thus allowing in vivo confocal microscopic studies of the early stages of Frankia colonization. The subtilisin-like serine protease gene Dt12, as well as its Casuarina glauca homolog Cg12, are specifically expressed at sites of Frankia intercellular colonization of D. trinervis outer root tissues. This is accompanied by nucleo-cytoplasmic reorganization in the adjacent host cells and major remodeling of the intercellular apoplastic compartment. These findings lead us to propose that the actinorhizal host plays a major role in modifying both the size and composition of the intercellular apoplast in order to accommodate the filamentous microsymbiont. The implications of these findings are discussed in the light of the analogies that can be made with the orchestrating role of host legumes during intracellular root hair colonization by nitrogen-fixing rhizobia.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02345211
Contributor : Joëlle Fournier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 4, 2019 - 2:17:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:43:07 AM

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Joëlle Fournier, Leandro Imanishi, Mireille Chabaud, Iltaf Abdou-Pavy, Andrea Genre, et al.. Cell remodeling and subtilase gene expression in the actinorhizal plant Discaria trinervis highlight host orchestration of intercellular Frankia colonization. New Phytologist, Wiley, 2018, 219 (3), pp.1018-1030. ⟨10.1111/nph.15216⟩. ⟨hal-02345211⟩

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