Lissajous-toric knots

Abstract : A point in the $(N,q)$-torus knot in $\mathbb{R}^3$ goes $q$ times along a vertical circle while this circle rotates $N$ times around the vertical axis. In the Lissajous-toric knot $K(N,q,p)$, the point goes along a vertical Lissajous curve (parametrized by $t\mapsto(\sin(qt+\phi),\cos(pt+\psi)))$ while this curve rotates $N$ times around the vertical axis. Such a knot has a natural braid representation $B_{N,q,p}$ which we investigate here. If $gcd(q,p)=1$, $K(N,q,p)$ is ribbon; if $gcd(q,p)=d>1$, $B_{N,q,p}$ is the $d$-th power of a braid which closes in a ribbon knot. We give an upper bound for the $4$-genus of $K(N,q,p)$ in the spirit of the genus of torus knots; we also give examples of $K(N,q,p)$'s which are trivial knots.
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Contributor : Marina Ville <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 5:10:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 5:43:30 PM

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Marc Soret, Marina Ville. Lissajous-toric knots. 2019. ⟨hal-02342127⟩



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