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Dense yttria-stabilized zirconia obtained by direct selective laser sintering

Abstract : This work demonstrated the possibility to manufacture dense yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) parts by direct laser beam sintering using a commercial 3D SYSTEMS machine. To achieve this, several requirements of the process itself had to be met. First, an efficient laser-matter interaction had to be achieved. Indeed, a major issue to overcome was the intrinsic nonabsorbance property of the YSZ powder at the Nd:YAG laser wavelength. This issue was solved by adding a small amount of graphite to the YSZ powder that resulted in a simple mechanical blending of the two compounds. The graphite adjunction allowed an increase in the absorbance value from 2% to approximately 60%. The chemical composition of the powder blend and the density and the particle size distribution of the starting material used in this work enabled adequate heat transfers due to the appropriate thermophysical properties. Finally, a set of machine parameters that allows to manufacture parts with a high relative density, good geometrical accuracy, and mechanical strength was experimentally determined. Ultimately, it was found that the direct SLS allows the reproducible manufacture of simple YSZ parts with a relative density of 96.5%
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Loïc Ferrage, Ghislaine Bertrand, Pascal Lenormand. Dense yttria-stabilized zirconia obtained by direct selective laser sintering. Additive Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2018, 21, pp.472-478. ⟨10.1016/j.addma.2018.02.005⟩. ⟨hal-02338455⟩

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