Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Preprints, Working Papers, ...

Negation in Kambaata (Cushitic)

Abstract : The Ethiopian language Kambaata (Cushitic) has five distinct negative inflectional suffixes that negate (i) declarative main verbs and non-verbal predicates, (ii) imperatives , (iii) jussives and benedictives, (iv) converbs and (v) relative verbs. Affirmative and negative verb forms do not often match each other in a one-to-one relation, but paradigmatic and constructional asymmetries can be observed. Depending on the verb type, aspectual and modal distinctions are neutralized under negation, the number of different subject indexes is reduced, the distinction between same subject and different subject forms is lost, and changes occur in the morphological makeup of verb forms. Finally, not all affirmative paradigms have dedicated negative counterparts. Most noteworthy from a typological point of view are Kam-baata's negative relative verbs. Unlike affirmative relative verbs, which have exclusively verbal morphology, negative relative verbs are almost perfect verb-adjective hybrids with their combination of verbal and adjectival inflection. They index the person, gender, number and honorificity of their subject, and agree in case and gender with their head noun. Apart from inflectional means of negation, Kambaata has a productive privative derivation-beel '-less' that generates adjectives from nouns.
Document type :
Preprints, Working Papers, ...
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [43 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02332852
Contributor : Yvonne Treis <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 9:46:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 10:03:03 PM

File

TREIS_Negation_in_Kambaata-202...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02332852, version 2

Collections

Citation

Yvonne Treis. Negation in Kambaata (Cushitic). 2020. ⟨hal-02332852v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

13

Files downloads

24