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Abstract : In 2016, the “Earth Overshoot Day” landed on the 8th August. This day represents the time of year from which human demand exceeds the earth's ability to regenerate its resources. The construction sector produces more than 70% of waste in France. Faced with this alarming observation, the methods of construction must become more virtuous. Wood, which is the only fully renewable building material, must regain a prominent place in the building industry. Its qualities, in particular, its lightness, will make it possible to propose solutions to urbanization problems by increasing heights. Its reduced weight will allow building implementation on more constrained sites. The speed of construction that wood can offer, can reduce noise and the carbon footprint. The BIM tool, already implemented within setec tpi, finds here its full usefulness with the prefabrication of wood. In France, the Wood Industries Plan, carried out by ADIVbois, envisages the construction of several high-rise wooden buildings (up to 15 storeys high). These demonstrators will have to give a new dynamic to the French wood industry and allow the development of engineered wood from local species. Similar initiatives have taken place in Canada and the USA. Some European countries such as the Scandinavian countries (14 storeys built in Norway) and Austria, have more favorable circumstances and highly competitive wood industries. France wants to catch up, thanks in particular to its currently under-exploited forest potential. Setec tpi has been appointed by ADIVbois to manage the Structures workshop of the technical commission. It has accumulated knowledge, and extended its expertise in high-rise buildings using wood material. A guide for the design of high-rise wooden buildings has been prepared for future designers. The various studies and case studies have highlighted critical points to initiate research. The notions of damping, creep, stiffness of connections will have to be mastered in order to reach new height records.
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Jean-Marc Jaeger, Ingrid Bertin, Jordi Cornudella, Robert Le Roy. QUAND LES IMMEUBLES DE GRANDE HAUTEUR SONT EN BOIS. Annales du Bâtiment et des travaux publics, Eska, 2017, 69 (4), ⟨10.6084/m9.figshare.12034272⟩. ⟨hal-02330314⟩



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