Quantification of HTLV-II proviral copies by competitive polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of Italian injecting drug users, central Africans, and Amerindians.

Abstract : To better correlate the burden of human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) and type II (HTLV-II) infection with diagnostic and prognostic markers, we developed a new competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the quantitative determination of proviral copy numbers in infected cells. A competitive plasmid was constructed that carried a 112-bp fragment from a highly conserved region of the HTLV tax gene and that was further modified by inserting a sequence of 24 bp. This competitive PCR assay system can be used for the quantification of HTLV-I and HTLV-II proviral DNA as demonstrated by using HTLV-I- and HTLV-II-infected cell lines and/or patient material. We determined the HTLV-II proviral load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 11 Italian injecting drug users (IDUs) infected by this virus and in PBMCs of 10 seropositive Amerindian and Central African individuals from endemically infected ethnic groups. A great variation was observed in the number of HTLV-II proviral sequences in the PBMCs of Italian drug abusers, ranging from 5-10 to 16,239 copies/10(5) cells. There was no clear-cut correlation between proviral load, CD8 count, stage of HIV-1 infection, and therapy. A considerable variation in HTLV-II proviral load was also observed in PBMCs of Amerindians and Central Africans with no correlation between the amount of HTLV-II provirus and the geographic origin of the infected individuals.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02323135
Contributor : Andrea Cimarelli <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 21, 2019 - 4:44:44 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:16 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02323135, version 1
  • PUBMED : 7552486

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A. Cimarelli, C Duclos, A. Gessain, E Cattaneo, C Casoli, et al.. Quantification of HTLV-II proviral copies by competitive polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of Italian injecting drug users, central Africans, and Amerindians.. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, Wolters Kluwer - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1995, 10 (2), pp.198-204. ⟨hal-02323135⟩

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