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Momentum-resolved dielectric response of free-standing mono-, bi-and tri- layer black phosphorus

Abstract : Black phosphorus (BP), a 2D semiconducting material of interest in electronics and photonics, exhibits physical properties characterized by strong anisotropy and band gap energy that scales with reducing layer number. However, the investigation of its intrinsic properties is challenging because thin layer BP are photo oxidized in ambient conditions and the energy of their electronic states shift in different dielectric environment. We prepared free-standing samples of few layer BP in glovebox conditions and probed the dielectric response in vacuum using Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (STEM-EELS). Thresholds of the excitation energy are measured at 1.9 eV, 1.4 eV and 1.1 eV for the mono-bi-and tri-layer BP, respectively and these values are used to estimate the corresponding optical band gaps. A comparison of our results with electronic structure calculations indicates that the variation of the quasi-particle gap is larger than that of the exciton binding energy. The dispersion of the plasmons versus momentum for 1-3 layer BP and bulk BP highlights a deviation from parabolic to linear dispersion and strong anisotropic fingerprints.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02319648
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Submitted on : Friday, October 18, 2019 - 10:40:23 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:48:27 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, January 19, 2020 - 1:22:59 PM

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Étienne Gaufrès, Frédéric Fossard, Vincent Gosselin, Lorenzo Sponza, François Ducastelle, et al.. Momentum-resolved dielectric response of free-standing mono-, bi-and tri- layer black phosphorus. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2019, ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b03928⟩. ⟨hal-02319648⟩

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