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The signatures of the resonances of a large Galactic bar in local velocity space

Abstract : The second data release of the Gaia mission has revealed a very rich structure in local velocity space. In terms of in-plane motions, this rich structure is also seen as multiple ridges in the actions of the axisymmetric background potential of the Galaxy. These ridges are probably related to a combination of effects from ongoing phase-mixing and resonances from the spiral arms and the bar. We have recently developed a method to capture the behaviour of the stellar phase-space distribution function at a resonance, by re-expressing it in terms of a new set of canonical actions and angles variables valid in the resonant region. Here, by properly treating the distribution function at resonances, and by using a realistic model for a slowly rotating large Galactic bar with pattern speed Ω b = 39 km s −1 kpc −1 , we show that no less than six ridges in local action space can be related to resonances with the bar. Two of these at low angular momentum correspond to the corotation resonance, and can be associated to the Hercules moving group in local velocity space. Another one at high angular momentum corresponds to the outer Lindblad resonance, and can tentatively be associated to the velocity structure seen as an arch at high azimuthal velocities in Gaia data. The other ridges are associated to the 3:1, 4:1 and 6:1 resonances. The latter can be associated to the so-called 'horn' of the local velocity distribution. While it is clear that effects from spiral arms and incomplete phase-mixing related to external perturbations also play a role in shaping the complex kinematics revealed by Gaia data, the present work demonstrates that, contrary to common misconceptions, the bar alone can create multiple prominent ridges in velocity and action space.
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Contributor : Benoit Famaey Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, October 5, 2019 - 6:28:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:39:35 AM

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G. Monari, B. Famaey, A. Siebert, C. Wegg, O. Gerhard. The signatures of the resonances of a large Galactic bar in local velocity space. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2019, 626, pp.A41. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201834820⟩. ⟨hal-02306466⟩

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