Latin parlé / latin écrit : de la symbiose à la diglossie

Abstract : This study goes back to the appearance of scripturality in Rome to grasp the origins of the interference between written and spoken Latin. We will learn to which extent a synergy between orality and literacy ensured the survival of Latin for a long time, and how, in the absence of a new balance between the two varieties, Latin split into two distinct linguistic systems. By showing how important the Romans considered the voicing of text in the creation, diffusion and reception of literary works, this analysis confirms the value of the distinction between "medial orality" and "conceptual orality" (Koch & Oesterreicher, 1985). It is through indirect oral clues, attested even in the literary texts, that Latin appears to be "a language like all others" (Koch, 1998): even today it lends itself to an analysis in terms of orality, and helps us to understand how we should read within the Latin speaking community the relationship between written and spoken language in order to apprehend the birth of old French.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 1, 2019 - 1:41:46 PM
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Colette Bodelot. Latin parlé / latin écrit : de la symbiose à la diglossie. Langages, Armand Colin (Larousse jusqu'en 2003), 2017. ⟨hal-02302325⟩

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