Explorer les inégalités sociales dans l’espace et le temps. Analyse diachronique des aires urbaines de Paris, Lyon et Marseille (1999-2013)

Abstract : tThis article aims to determine whether the inequal distribution of social groups in space is worsening in the three largest French cities (Paris, Lyon, Marseille) from 1999 to 2013. Following a previous study, this one proposes an approach at sub-communal level (IRIS) on a large scale (urban area) and takes different dates of census into account (1999-2006-2013). It also mobilizes and crosses a wide range of methods: cartography, statistics (segregation indices, classifications) and geostatistics (measurement of spatial autocorrelation). The results remind us that the spatial structures of the three cities, although different, show that similar logics. Thus we note that age groups are much less unequally distributed than groups of workers. On the other side, the diachronic approach emphasizes that the identified structures remain surprisingly stable during the last 20 years. Contrary to wisdom, spatial inequalities do not seem to widen over time, with the exception of managers and professionals, which seem to be more and more grouped over time.
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Quentin Godoye, Sébastien Oliveau. Explorer les inégalités sociales dans l’espace et le temps. Analyse diachronique des aires urbaines de Paris, Lyon et Marseille (1999-2013). Espace Populations Sociétés, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2019, ⟨10.4000/eps.8914⟩. ⟨hal-02297741⟩

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