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The ongoing energy transition: A comparative analysis of SIDS and European ultraperipheral islands

Abstract : The vulnerability of island spaces has been recognized since the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. Global energy pressure and the depletion of resources exacerbate their vulnerability. These territories are supposed to be real laboratories to experiment energy planning strategies, then allowed to help the international community. Nevertheless, the great diversity of island situations makes their case particular and difficult to treat. Some island territories are autonomous, the Small Island Developing States, while others depend on developed metropolitan states. Is there a difference between these two types of territories to succeed energy transition? We adopt electricity generation as a metric for sustainable transition quality. This paper contributes to the understanding of ongoing dynamic through a multidimensional analysis of data allowing to classify these territories: SIDS and outermost regions of the European Union. The combination of Principal Component Analysis and Hierarchical Classification will provide island profiles that will highlight differences between outermost regions and SIDS. Are the outermost regions of the European Union more advanced in the energy transition? In addition to the classification, a ranking will be proposed through the implementation of an energy vulnerability indicator. The classification and ranking will make it possible to draw typical portraits. These will identify the elements of resilience and the elements of vulnerabilities. This analysis, therefore, highlights the strengths and weaknesses will help to guide the energy policies of these territories. The comparison of these two types of territories has not been made so far. This work would highlight the situation of SIDS face island developed territories: outermost regions of the European Union.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 2, 2019 - 8:41:17 AM
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Jean-Philippe Praene, Fiona Bénard-Sora. The ongoing energy transition: A comparative analysis of SIDS and European ultraperipheral islands. International Conference on Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Jul 2019, Balaclava, Mauritius. ⟨hal-02289654⟩

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