Atmospheric characterization of terrestrial exoplanets in the mid-infrared: biosignatures, habitability & diversity

Sascha P. Quanz Olivier Absil 1 Daniel Angerhausen 2 Willy Benz 3 Xavier Bonfils Jean-Philippe Berger Matteo Brogi Juan Cabrera 4 William C. Danchi 5 Denis Defrère 6 Ewine van Dishoeck 7 David Ehrenreich 8 Steve Ertel 9 Jonathan Fortney 10 Scott Gaudi Julien Girard 11 Adrian Glauser 12 John Lee Grenfell 13 Michael Ireland 14 Markus Janson 15 Jens Kammerer Daniel Kitzmann Stefan Kraus 16 Oliver Krause Lucas Labadie Sylvestre Lacour 17 Tim Lichtenberg Michael Line Hendrik Linz Jérôme Loicq Bertrand Mennesson Michael R. Meyer Yamila Miguel John Monnier Mamadou N'Diaye Enric Pallé Didier Queloz 18 Heike Rauer 19 Ignasi Ribas 20 Sarah Rugheimer Franck Selsis 21 Gene Serabyn Ignas Snellen Alessandro Sozzetti Karl R. Stapelfeldt Amaury Triaud 22 Stéphane Udry 18 Mark Wyatt 23
Abstract : Exoplanet science is one of the most thriving fields of modern astrophysics. A major goal is the atmospheric characterization of dozens of small, terrestrial exoplanets in order to search for signatures in their atmospheres that indicate biological activity, assess their ability to provide conditions for life as we know it, and investigate their expected atmospheric diversity. None of the currently adopted projects or missions, from ground or in space, can address these goals. In this White Paper we argue that a large space-based mission designed to detect and investigate thermal emission spectra of terrestrial exoplanets in the MIR wavelength range provides unique scientific potential to address these goals and surpasses the capabilities of other approaches. While NASA might be focusing on large missions that aim to detect terrestrial planets in reflected light, ESA has the opportunity to take leadership and spearhead the development of a large MIR exoplanet mission within the scope of the "Voyage 2050" long-term plan establishing Europe at the forefront of exoplanet science for decades to come. Given the ambitious science goals of such a mission, additional international partners might be interested in participating and contributing to a roadmap that, in the long run, leads to a successful implementation. A new, dedicated development program funded by ESA to help reduce development and implementation cost and further push some of the required key technologies would be a first important step in this direction. Ultimately, a large MIR exoplanet imaging mission will be needed to help answer one of mankind's most fundamental questions: "How unique is our Earth?"
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 8:21:16 AM
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Sascha P. Quanz, Olivier Absil, Daniel Angerhausen, Willy Benz, Xavier Bonfils, et al.. Atmospheric characterization of terrestrial exoplanets in the mid-infrared: biosignatures, habitability & diversity. 2019. ⟨hal-02282394⟩



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