Numerical study of the cryogenic cooling of amplifiers for high power lasers

Abstract : The French collaborative Trio4CLF project aims to understand and control the cryogenic cooling of amplifiers for high power (~1 PetaWatt) and high repetition rate (1-10 Hertz) lasers. In such amplifiers, the fluid (low temperature gaseous helium) evacuates the thermal power absorbed by the solid amplifying plates. A precise knowledge of the heat exchange and of the turbulent fluid flow in the amplifier is requested to evaluate its impact on the laser beam quality. Large Eddy Simulations representative of the amplifier cooling are performed using TrioCFD, a code developed by the CEA. First, validation simulations are carried out for heated periodic channel flows, allowing comparisons with Direct Numerical Simulation results from the literature. They are conducted using conjugate heat transfer calculation between the fluid and the solid. The channel flow is turbulent, with a bulk Reynolds number (based and the bulk velocity and the total height of the channel) of about 14000. Large Eddy Simulation of a heated open turbulent cryogenic helium flow with developing thermal boundary layers is then presented.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 9, 2019 - 10:22:13 AM
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Morgane Bellec, Nicolas Luchier, Guillaume Balarac, Ulrich Bieder, Alain Girard. Numerical study of the cryogenic cooling of amplifiers for high power lasers. The 14th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT), Jul 2019, Wicklow, Ireland. ⟨hal-02281379⟩

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