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The immunobiological interplay between Pseudosuccinea columella resistant/susceptible snails with Fasciola hepatica: Hemocytes in the spotlight

Abstract : The Fasciola hepatica/Pseudosuccinea columella interaction in Cuba involves a unique pattern of phenotypes; while most snails are susceptible, some field populations are naturally resistant to infection and parasites are encapsulated by snail hemocytes. Thus, we investigated the hemocytes of resistant (R) and susceptible (S) P. columella, in particular morphology, abundance, proliferation and in vitro encapsulation activity following exposure to F. hepatica. Compared to susceptible P. columella, hemocytes from exposed resistant snails showed increased levels of spreading and aggregation (large adherent cells), proliferation of circulating blast-like cells and encapsulation activity of the hemocytes, along with a higher expression of the cytokine granulin. By contrast , there was evidence of a putative F. hepatica-driven inhibition of host immunity, only in susceptible snails. Additionally, (pre-)incubation of naïve hemocytes from P. columella (R and S) with different monosaccharides was associated with lower encapsulation activity of F. hepatica larvae. This suggests the involvement in this host-parasite interaction of lectins and lectins receptors (particularly related to mannose and fucose sensing) in association with hemocyte activation and/or binding to F. hepatica.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 20, 2020 - 1:28:17 PM
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Annia Alba, David Duval, Jorge Sánchez, Ana Perez, Silvain Pinaud, et al.. The immunobiological interplay between Pseudosuccinea columella resistant/susceptible snails with Fasciola hepatica: Hemocytes in the spotlight. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, Elsevier, 2020, 102, pp.103485. ⟨10.1016/j.dci.2019.103485⟩. ⟨hal-02279344⟩

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