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Graph States as a Resource for Quantum Metrology

Abstract : By using highly entangled states, quantum metrology guarantees precision impossible with classical measurements. Unfortunately such states can be very susceptible to noise, and it is a great challenge of the field to maintain quantum advantage in realistic conditions. In this study we investigate the practicality of graph states for quantum metrology. Graph states are a natural resource for much of quantum information, and here we characterize their quantum Fisher information (QFI) for an arbitrary graph state. We then construct families of graph states which approximately achieves the Heisenberg limit, we call these states bundled graph states. We demonstrate that bundled graph states maintain a quantum advantage after being subjected to iid dephasing or finite erasures. This shows that these graph states are good resources for robust quantum metrology. We also quantify the number of n qubit stabilizer states that are useful as a resource for quantum metrology.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02276010
Contributor : Nathan Shettell <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 11:20:12 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 24, 2020 - 10:02:26 AM

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Nathan Shettell, Damian Markham. Graph States as a Resource for Quantum Metrology. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2020, 124 (11), pp.110502. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.110502⟩. ⟨hal-02276010⟩

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