Atteintes pathologiques de Nazlet Khater 2 et activité minière au début du paléolithique supérieur en Egypte

Abstract : The Nazlet Khater 2 (NK 2) skeleton, discovered in 1980 in Egypt, constitutes the oldest early Upper Palaeolithic modern human remains from North Africa. The association of this individual with the mining site of Nazlet Khater 4 (NK 4) provides a unique opportunity to understand the arthritis and enthesopathy lesions of this individual within a well-defi ned archaeological context. After elimination of the most frequent causes of enthesopathy and osteoarthritis, it appears that the many lesions seen on NK 2 are evidence of an arduous life style during which this individual was submitted to heavy mechanical stresses. The characterisation of specifi c movements or activities based on the complex pattern of lesions on NK 2 seems to us uncertain. However, it is possible to discuss the relationship between bone remodelling and mining activity on the basis of the archaeological context of Nazlet Khater 4 and previous work on samples from mining populations.
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Isabelle Crevecoeur, Sébastien Villotte. Atteintes pathologiques de Nazlet Khater 2 et activité minière au début du paléolithique supérieur en Egypte. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, Springer Verlag, 2006, ⟨http://journals.openedition.org/bmsap/1612⟩. ⟨hal-02266458⟩

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