Polyunsaturated fatty acids are potent neuroprotectors

Abstract : Results reported in this work suggest a potential therapeutic value of polyunsaturated fatty acids for cerebral pathologies as previously proposed by others for cardiac diseases. We show that the polyunsatur-ated fatty acid linolenic acid prevents neuronal death in an animal model of transient global ischemia even when administered after the insult. Linolenic acid also protects animals treated with kainate against seizures and hippocampal lesions. The same effects have been observed in an in vitro model of seizure-like activity using glutamatergic neurons and they have been shown to be associated with blockade of glutamatergic transmission by low concentrations of distinct poly-unsaturated fatty acids. Our data suggest that the opening of background K + channels, like TREK-1 and TRAAK, which are activated by arachidonic acid and other polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexa-enoic acid and linolenic acid, is a signi®cant factor in this neuroprotective effect. These channels are abundant in the brain where they are located both pre-and post-synaptically, and are insensitive to saturated fatty acids, which offer no neuroprotection.
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Inger Lauritzen, Nicolas Blondeau, Catherine Heurteaux, Catherine Widmann, Georges Romey, et al.. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are potent neuroprotectors. EMBO Journal, EMBO Press, 2000, 19 (8), pp.1784-1793. ⟨10.1093/emboj/19.8.1784⟩. ⟨hal-02266283⟩

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