POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS INDUCE ISCHEMIC AND EPILEPTIC TOLERANCE

Abstract : The fndings reported in this work show that pretreatment with polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly linolenic acid, present in vegetable oils, can provide a potent tolerance against neurodegeneration in two models of neuronal death-generating treatments such as kainic acid injection and global ischemia. Rats were injected i.v. with 500 nmol/kg of linolenic acid as long as 3 days prior to 6 min global ischemia or received an injection of linolenic acid as long as 3 days prior to a dose of 7.5 mg/kg kainic acid. Neuronal degeneration, assessed by analysis of neuronal density on Cresyl Violet-stained hippocampal sections, was signi¢cantly reduced in linolenic acid-treated rats (94^85% of cell survival in the ischemic model and 99^79% of cell survival in the epileptic model in respective CA1 and CA3 sub¢elds). The neuroprotection observed following the injection of linolenic acid 3 days prior to induction of a severe ischemic or epileptic challenge was associated with the induction of the neuroprotective HSP70 heat shock protein within the time window of protection. The injection of 500 nmol/kg of linolenic acid induced a maximal HSP70 expression of 387% at 72 h. In contrast, the overexpression of one well-known protein inducer of neuronal cell death, Bax, which is induced by both ischemic and kainic acid-induced epileptic insults, was prevented by linolenic acid in the 3-day window of protection. These results strengthen the idea of an interesting potential therapeutical value of polyunsaturated fatty acids in neuronal protection.
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N. Blondeau, C Widmann, M. Lazdunski, C. Heurteaux. POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS INDUCE ISCHEMIC AND EPILEPTIC TOLERANCE. Neuroscience, Elsevier - International Brain Research Organization, 2002, 109 (2), pp.231-241. ⟨10.1016/s0306-4522(01)00473-0⟩. ⟨hal-02266275⟩

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