Conditioning Medicine A new pharmacological preconditioning-based target: from drosophila to kidney transplantation

Abstract : One of the biggest challenges in medicine is to dampen the pathophysiological stress induced by an episode of ischemia. Such stress, due to various pathological or clinical situations, follows a restriction in blood and oxygen supply to tissue, causing a shortage of oxygen and nutrients that are required for cellular metabolism. Ischemia can cause irreversible damage to target tissue leading to a poor physiological recovery outcome for the patient. Contrariwise, preconditioning by brief periods of ischemia has been shown in multiple organs to confer tolerance against subsequent normally lethal ischemia. By definition, preconditioning of organs must be applied preemptively. This limits the applicability of preconditioning in clinical situations, which arise unpredictably, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. There are, however, clinical situations that arise as a result of ischemia-reperfusion injury, which can be anticipated, and are therefore adequate candidates for preconditioning. Organ and more particularly kidney transplantation, the optimal treatment for suitable patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), is a predictable surgery that permits the use of preconditioning protocols to prepare the organ for subsequent ischemic/reperfusion stress. It therefore seems crucial to develop appropriate preconditioning protocols against ischemia that will occur under transplantation conditions, which up to now mainly referred to mechanical ischemic preconditioning that triggers innate responses. It is not known if preconditioning has to be applied to the donor, the recipient, or both. No drug/target pair has been envisioned and validated in the clinic. Options for identifying new target/drug pairs involve the use of model animals, such as drosophila, in which some physiological pathways, such as the management of oxygen, are highly conserved across evolution. Oxygen is the universal element of life existence on earth. In this review we focus on a very specific pathway of pharmacological preconditioning identified in drosophila that was successfully transferred to mammalian models that has potential application in human health. Very few mechanisms identified in these model animals have been translated to an upper evolutionary level. This review highlights the commonality between oxygen regulation between diverse animals.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [26 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Nicolas Blondeau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 8, 2019 - 5:39:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 14, 2019 - 12:48:04 PM


Publisher files allowed on an open archive


  • HAL Id : hal-02265197, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1908.03336


Michel Tauc, Nicolas Melis, Miled Bourourou, Sébastien Giraud, Thierry Hauet, et al.. Conditioning Medicine A new pharmacological preconditioning-based target: from drosophila to kidney transplantation. Conditioning Medicine, 2019. ⟨hal-02265197⟩



Record views


Files downloads