Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Controlled partial interpenetration in metal–organic frameworks

Abstract : Interpenetration, the entwining of multiple lattices, is a common phenomenon in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). Typically, in interpenetrated MOFs the sub-lattices are fully occupied. Here we report a family of MOFs in which one sub-lattice is fully occupied and the occupancy level of the other can be controlled during synthesis to produce frameworks with variable levels of partial interpenetration. We also report an ‘autocatenation’ process, a transformation of non-interpenetrated lattices into doubly interpenetrated frameworks via progressively higher degrees of interpenetration that involves no external reagents. Autocatenation maintains crystallinity and can be triggered either thermally or by shear forces. The ligand used to construct these MOFs is chiral, and both racemic and enantiopure partially interpenetrated frameworks can be accessed. X-ray diffraction, nonlinear optical microscopy and theoretical calculations offer insights into the structures and dynamic behaviour of these materials and the growth mechanisms of interpenetrated MOFs.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [34 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : François-Xavier Coudert <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 10:37:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:57:19 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 8:42:06 AM


Controlled partial interpenetr...
Files produced by the author(s)




Alan Ferguson, Lujia Liu, Stefanus Tapperwijn, David Perl, François-Xavier Coudert, et al.. Controlled partial interpenetration in metal–organic frameworks. Nature Chemistry, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 8 (3), pp.250-257. ⟨10.1038/nchem.2430⟩. ⟨hal-02264535⟩



Record views


Files downloads