Dependence of atmospheric muon rate on seawater depth measured with the first KM3NeT detection units

M. Ageron 1 S. Aiello F. Ameli M. Andre G. Androulakis M. Anghinolfi G. Anton M. Ardid J. Aublin 2 C. Bagatelas G. Barbarino B. Baret 2 S. Basegmez Du Pree A. Belias E. Berbee A.M. van den Berg V. Bertin 1 V. van Beveren S. Biagi A. Biagioni S. Bianucci M. Billault 1 M. Bissinger R. de Boer J. Boumaaza S. Bourret 2 M. Bouta M. Bouwhuis C. Bozza H. Brânzaş M. Briel M. Bruchner R. Bruijn J. Brunner 1 E. Buis R. Buompane J. Busto 1 G. Cacopardo L. Caillat 1 C. Calì D. Calvo A. Capone S. Celli M. Chabab N. Chau 2 S. Cherubini V. Chiarella T. Chiarusi M. Circella R. Cocimano J.A.B. Coelho 2 A. Coleiro M. Colomer Molla 2 S. Colonges 2 R. Coniglione A. Cosquer 1 P. Coyle 1 A. Creusot 2 G. Cuttone C. d'Amato A. d'Amico A. d'Onofrio R. Dallier 3 M. de Palma C. de Sio I. Di Palma A.F. Dí{}az D. Diego-Tortosa C. Distefano A. Domi 1 R. Donà C. Donzaud 2 L. van Dooren D. Dornic 1 M. Dörr M. Durocher T. Eberl T. van Eeden I. El Bojaddaini H. Eljarrari D. Elsaesser A. Enzenhöfer 1 P. Fermani G. Ferrara M.D. Filipović L.A. Fusco 2 D. Gajanana T. Gal A. Garcia Soto F. Garufi L. Gialanella E. Giorgio A. Giuliante S.R. Gozzini R. Gracia 4 K. Graf D. Grasso T. Grégoire 2 G. Grella A. Grimaldi A. Grmek D. Guderian M. Guerzoni C. Guidi S. Hallmann H. Hamdaoui H. van Haren A. Heijboer A. Hekalo S. Henry 1 J.J. Hernández-Rey J. Hofestädt F. Huang 4 E. Huesca Santiago G. Illuminati C.W. James P. Jansweijer M. Jongen M. de Jong P. de Jong M. Kadler P. Kalaczyński O. Kalekin U.F. Katz F. Kayzel P. Keller 1 N.R. Khan Chowdhury F. van der Knaap E.N. Koffeman P. Kooijman J. Koopstra A. Kouchner 2 M. Kreter V. Kulikovskiy Meghna K. K. R. Lahmann P. Lamare 1 G. Larosa J. Laurence 1 R. Le Breton 2 F. Leone E. Leonora G. Levi F. Librizzi M. Lincetto 1 P. Litrico C.D. Llorens Alvarez A. Lonardo F. Longhitano D. Lopez-Coto G. Maggi 1 J. Mańczak K. Mannheim A. Margiotta A. Marinelli C. Markou L. Martin 3 J.A. Martínez-Mora A. Martini F. Marzaioli R. Mele K.W. Melis P. Migliozzi E. Migneco P. Mijakowski L.S. Miranda C.M. Mollo M. Mongelli M. Morganti M. Moser A. Moussa R. Muller P. Musico M. Musumeci L. Nauta S. Navas C.A. Nicolau C. Nielsen 2 B. Ó Fearraigh M. Organokov 4 A. Orlando V. Panagopoulos G. Pancaldi G. Papalashvili R. Papaleo C. Pastore G.E. Păvălaş G. Pellegrini C. Pellegrino M. Perrin-Terrin 1 P. Piattelli K. Pikounis O. Pisanti C. Poirè G. Polydefki V. Popa M. Post T. Pradier 4 G. Pühlhofer S. Pulvirenti L. Quinn 1 F. Raffaelli N. Randazzo A. Rapicavoli S. Razzaque D. Real S. Reck J. Reubelt G. Riccobene L. Rigalleau 3 G. Rizza R. Rocco A. Rovelli J. Royon 1 M. Salemi I. Salvadori 1 D.F.E. Samtleben A. Sánchez Losa M. Sanguineti A. Santangelo D. Santonocito P. Sapienza J. Schmelling V. Sciacca D. Sciliberto J. Seneca I. Sgura R. Shanidze A. Sharma F. Simeone A. Sinopoulou B. Spisso M. Spurio D. Stavropoulos J. Steijger S.M. Stellacci B. Strandberg D. Stransky T. Stüven M. Taiuti Y. Tayalati E. Tenllado D. Tézier 1 T. Thakore S. Theraube 1 P. Timmer S. Tingay A. Trovato S. Tsagkli E. Tzamariudaki D. Tzanetatos C. Valieri V. van Elewyck 2 F. Versari S. Viola D. Vivolo G. de Wasseige 2 J. Wilms R. Wojaczyński E. de Wolf D. Zaborov 1 A. Zegarelli J.D. Zornoza J. Zúñiga
Abstract : KM3NeT is a research infrastructure located in the Mediterranean Sea, that will consist of two deep-sea Cherenkov neutrino detectors. With one detector (ARCA), the KM3NeT Collaboration aims at identifying and studying TeV-PeV astrophysical neutrino sources. With the other detector (ORCA), the neutrino mass ordering will be determined by studying GeV-scale atmospheric neutrino oscillations. The first KM3NeT detection units were deployed at the Italian and French sites between 2015 and 2017. In this paper, a description of the detector is presented, together with a summary of the procedures used to calibrate the detector in-situ. Finally, the dependence of muon rate between $2232-3386$ m seawater depth is compared with a parameterisation of the underwater muon flux.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 1, 2019 - 1:58:54 AM
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M. Ageron, S. Aiello, F. Ameli, M. Andre, G. Androulakis, et al.. Dependence of atmospheric muon rate on seawater depth measured with the first KM3NeT detection units. 2019. ⟨hal-02222760⟩

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