Fragile Phases As Affine Monoids: Full Classification and Material Examples

Abstract : Topological phases in electronic structures contain a new type of topology, called fragile, which can arise, for example, when an Elementary Band Representation (Atomic Limit Band) splits into a particular set of bands. We obtain, for the first time, a complete classification of the fragile topological phases which can be diagnosed by symmetry eigenvalues, to find an incredibly rich structure which far surpasses that of stable/strong topological states. We find and enumerate all hundreds of thousands of different fragile topological phases diagnosed by symmetry eigenvalues (available at, and link the mathematical structure of these phases to that of Affine Monoids in mathematics. Furthermore, we predict and calculate, for the first time, (hundred of realistic) materials where fragile topological bands appear, and show-case the very best ones.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 1, 2019 - 12:48:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 21, 2019 - 6:51:46 AM

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Zhida Song, L. Elcoro, Nicolas Regnault, B. Andrei Bernevig. Fragile Phases As Affine Monoids: Full Classification and Material Examples. 2019. ⟨hal-02221339⟩



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