Cholinergic switch between two types of slow waves in cerebral cortex

Abstract : Sleep slow waves are known to participate in memory consolidation, yet slow waves occurring under anesthetized states present no positive effects on memory. Here, we shed light onto this paradox, based on a combination of extracellular recordings in vivo, in vitro and computational models. We find two types of slow waves, based on analyzing the temporal patterns of successive slow-wave events. The first type of slow waves is seen during sleep, while the second type prevails in anesthetized states. Network models of spiking neurons predict that the two slow wave types emerge due to a different gain on inhibitory vs excitatory cells and that different levels of spike-frequency adaptation in excitatory cells can account for dynamical distinctions between the two types. This prediction was tested in vitro by varying adaptation strength using an agonist of acetylcholine receptors, which demonstrated a neuromodulatory switch between the two types of slow waves. Finally, we show that the first type of slow-wave dynamics is more sensitive to external stimuli, which can explain how slow waves in sleep and anesthesia differentially affect memory consolidation, as well as provide a link between slow-wave dynamics and memory diseases.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 31, 2019 - 3:31:40 PM
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Trang-Anh E. Nghiem, Núria Tort-Colet, Tomasz Gorski, Ulisse Ferrari, Shayan Moghimyfiroozabad, et al.. Cholinergic switch between two types of slow waves in cerebral cortex. 2019. ⟨hal-02202078⟩



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