Greigite nanocrystals produced by hyperthermophilic archaea of Thermococcales order.

Abstract : Interactions between hyperthermophilic archaea and minerals occur in hydrothermal deep-ea vents, one of the most extreme environments for life on Earth. These interactions occur in the internal pores and at surfaces of active hydrothermal chimneys. In this study, we show that, at 85 degrees C, Thermococcales, the predominant hyperthermophilic microorganisms inhabiting hot parts of hydrothermal deep-sea vents, produce greigite nanocrystals (Fe3S4) on extracellular polymeric substances, and that an amorphous iron phosphate acts as a precursor phase. Greigite, although a minor component of chimneys, is a recognized catalyst for CO2 reduction thus implying that Thermococcales may influence the balance of CO2 in hydrothermal ecosystems. We propose that observation of greigite nanocrystals on extracellular polymeric substances could provide a signature of hyperthermophilic life in hydrothermal deep-sea vents.
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Aurore Gorlas, Pierre Jacquemot, Jean-Michel Guigner, Sukhvinder Gill, Patrick Forterre, et al.. Greigite nanocrystals produced by hyperthermophilic archaea of Thermococcales order.. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2018, 13 (8), pp.e0201549. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0201549⟩. ⟨hal-02178882⟩

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