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Problèmes de nomenclature métrique dans le Nûbar du poète kurde Ehmed Xanî

Abstract : In his children’s textbook of Arabic and metrics, the Nûbar, the 17th century Kurdish poet Ehmed Xanî makes use of an eightfold meter, the mustaṭīl. Yet, instead of calling it by this name, Xanî identifies it as a hazaj. How could the author of the oldest known manual of Kurdish prosody be so blatantly mistaken? The present article aims to clarify this anomaly. The first part of this paper deals with matters of technical terminology, with regard to the traditional rules of metrics. In the second part, I examine the reasons behind Xanî’s unusual designation of this meter. Xanî’s 'mistake', I argue, is best explained by the purely theoretical nature of the mustaṭīl in Arabic and Persian poetry, and by the principle of reduplication, an old process used by the Persians to generate their favorite eightfold meters on the basis of Arabic models.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 10, 2019 - 5:26:40 AM
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Amr Taher Ahmed. Problèmes de nomenclature métrique dans le Nûbar du poète kurde Ehmed Xanî. Studia Iranica, 2018, Studia Iranica, 47 (2), pp.251-272. ⟨10.2143/SI.47.2.3286515⟩. ⟨hal-02178571⟩



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