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A Wasserstein-type distance in the space of Gaussian Mixture Models

Abstract : In this paper we introduce a Wasserstein-type distance on the set of Gaussian mixture models. This distance is defined by restricting the set of possible coupling measures in the optimal transport problem to Gaussian mixture models. We derive a very simple discrete formulation for this distance, which makes it suitable for high dimensional problems. We also study the corresponding multi-marginal and barycenter formulations. We show some properties of this Wasserstein-type distance, and we illustrate its practical use with some examples in image processing.
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Contributor : Agnès Desolneux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 5:16:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 3:31:44 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02178204, version 4

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Julie Delon, Agnès Desolneux. A Wasserstein-type distance in the space of Gaussian Mixture Models. SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2020, 13 (2), pp.936-970. ⟨hal-02178204v4⟩

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