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Link stream graph for temporal recommendations

Abstract : Several researches on recommender systems are based on explicit rating data, but in many real world e-commerce platforms, ratings are not always available, and in those situations, recommender systems have to deal with implicit data such as users' purchase history, browsing history and streaming history. In this context, classical bipartite user-item graphs (BIP) are widely used to compute top-N recommendations. However, these graphs have some limitations, particularly in terms of taking temporal dynamic into account. This is not good because users' preference change over time. To overcome this limit, the Session-based Temporal Graph (STG) was proposed by Xiang et al. to combine long-and short-term preferences in a graph-based recommender system. But in the STG, time is divided into slices and therefore considered discontinuously. This approach loses details of the real temporal dynamics of user actions. To address this challenge, we propose the Link Stream Graph (LSG) which is an extension of link stream representation proposed by Latapy et al. and which allows to model interactions between users and items by considering time continuously. Experiments conducted on four real world implicit datasets for temporal recommendation, with 3 evaluation metrics, show that LSG is the best in 9 out of 12 cases compared to BIP and STG which are the most used state-of-the-art recommender graphs.
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Contributor : Armel Jacques Nzekon Nzeko'O <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2019 - 2:30:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 15, 2020 - 3:07:41 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-02166077, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1904.12576


Armel Jacques Nzekon Nzeko'O, Maurice Tchuente, Matthieu Latapy. Link stream graph for temporal recommendations. 2019. ⟨hal-02166077⟩



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