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, It is now used across academic disciplines -psychology, biology, sociology, economics, ecology, environmental science, archeology, and urban studies -to refer to the capacity of a system (a species, a company, a city, etc.) to spring back into shape, to recover quickly from difficulties, i.e "[to] return to a pre-disaster state of stability or equilibrium" (Gotham and Campanella 299), the field of material science, the concept of resilience has become pervasive (one might even say "fashionable") in recent years, 2006.

C. Pickett and . Mcgrath,

;. Redman, . Vale, ;. Campanella, and . Sheffi,

, Still America's Most Romantic, Walkable, Historic City, respectively coined by the New Orleans Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau (NOMCVB) and the New Orleans Jazz Orchestra (NOJO)

, Unfortunately, this 2006 logo could not be retrieved via a Google search, and we must NuevoMundo, Mundos Nuevos, vol.8, p.15, 2007.

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, therefore take Hallett's and Kaplan-Weinger's word for it

, As explained here, this was the result of a last-minute lobbying campaign by a private citizen named Steve Apple

, One notable exception to that tolerance has been the conviction of former mayor Ray Nagin in February 2014 on twenty of twenty-one charges of wire fraud, bribery, and money laundering related to payoffs, free trips, and gratuities from city contractors before and after Hurricane Katrina. The first mayor of New Orleans to be criminally charged for corruption while in office, Nagin is now serving a ten-year sentence in a Texas federal prison. Times-Picayune journalists and watchdog groups such as the Bureau of Governmental Research, the New Orleans Anti-Corruption Coalition

, for instance, yellow fever hit the lower Mississippi River Valley and killed over 30,000 people from New Orleans to Memphis, Tennessee, and beyond. Over 4,000 people died in New Orleans alone, vol.1878

, On this particular subject, see David Redmon's 2005 documentary film, Made in China (Carnivalesque Films)

G. Aurélie and «. City, Aurélie Godet currently holds a position as Senior Lecturer in U.S. history at Paris Diderot University, Since 2013 she has been investigating U.S. festive practices and Louisiana political culture, leading her to showcase the infra-political dimension of New Orleans Mardi Gras. Her publications on this subject include: "'Meet De Boys on the Battlefront': Festive Parades and the Struggle for Public Space in New Orleans Post Katrina, vol.14, 2008.

, elle a travaillé sur l'évolution des mouvements conservateurs au cours des XX e et XXI e siècles, publiant notamment un ouvrage sur le mouvement Tea Party (Le Tea Party. Portrait d'une Amérique désorientée) aux éditions Vendémiaire en 2012. Depuis la fin 2013, elle enquête sur les liens entre carnaval et politique à la Nouvelle-Orléans. Ce travail devrait donner lieu à la publication d'une histoire politique du carnaval louisianais. Copyright E-rea est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution, titulaire de l'agrégation d'anglais (2003) et d'un doctorat d'études anglophones, 2000.