A decision support and planning mobility method for large scale traffic networks

Stéphane Mollier 1 Maria Laura Delle Monache 1 Carlos Canudas de Wit 1
1 NECS-POST - Systèmes Commandés en Réseau
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, GIPSA-DA - Département Automatique
Abstract : This paper presents a new planning and decision-making method in large scale traffic networks for predicting how traffic evolves in special events, emergencies and changes in the city mobility demands. The proposed method is based on a 2-D aggregated traffic model for large scale traffic networks which describes traffic evolution as a fluid in two space dimensions. We propose an extension of the model by including additional state density variables, each one associated to a particular layer describing vehicles evolving in different directions. The model is a 2D-PDE described by a system of conservation laws. For this specific case, the resulting PDE is not anymore hyperbolic as typically the LWR model but results in a hybrid hyperbolic-elliptic PDE depending on the density level. In this case, usual numerical schemes may be not valid and often lead to oscillation in the solution. Thus, we consider a high order numerical scheme to improve the numerical solution. Finally, the model is used to predict how the typical traffic evolution will be impacted in particular scenarios like special events or changes in demands. Comparative simulations are provided.
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Stéphane Mollier, Maria Laura Delle Monache, Carlos Canudas de Wit. A decision support and planning mobility method for large scale traffic networks. ECC 2019 - European Control Conference, Jun 2019, Naples, Italy. pp.1-6. ⟨hal-02157899⟩

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