Mass spectral databases for metabolomics: How to build a consistently annotated mass spectral database from pure reference compounds analyzed under electrospray ionization conditions?

Abstract : Nowadays, high-resolution mass spectrometry is widely used for metabolomic studies. Thanks to its high sensitivity, it enables the detection of a large range of metabolites. In metabolomics, the continuous quest for a metabolite identification as complete and accurate as possible has led during the last decade to an ever increasing development of public MS databases (including LC-MS data) concomitantly with bioinformatic tool expansion. To facilitate the annotation process of MS profiles obtained from biological samples, but also to ease data sharing, exchange and exploitation, the standardization and harmonization of the way to describe and annotate mass spectra seemed crucial to us. Indeed, under electrospray (ESI) conditions, a single metabolite does not produce a unique ion corresponding to its protonated or deprotonated form but could lead to a complex mixture of signals. These MS signals result from the existence of different natural isotopologues of the same compound and also to the potential formation of adduct ions, homo and hetero-multimeric ions, fragment ions resulting from "prompt" in-source dissociations. As a joint reflection process within the French Infrastructure for Metabolomics and Fluxomics (MetaboHUB) and with the purpose of developing a robust and exchangeable annotated MS database made from pure reference compounds (chemical standards) analysis, it appeared to us that giving the metabolomics community some clues to standardize and unambiguously annotate each MS feature, was a prerequisite to data entry and further efficient querying of the database. The use of a harmonized notation is also mandatory for inter-laboratory MS data exchange. Additionally, thorough description of the variety of MS signals arising from the analysis of a unique metabolite might provide greater confidence on its annotation.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02154590
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - 8:35:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 6:31:29 PM

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A. Damont, M. F. Olivier, A. Warnet, Bernard Lyan, Estelle Pujos-Guillot, et al.. Mass spectral databases for metabolomics: How to build a consistently annotated mass spectral database from pure reference compounds analyzed under electrospray ionization conditions?. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Wiley-Blackwell, 2019, ⟨10.1002/jms.4372⟩. ⟨hal-02154590⟩

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