Food open-air markets in Paris: transportation environmental issues

Abstract : Food consumption habits have changed significantly in recent years due to the emergence of new distribution methods; such as shorter food supply chains. Today, consumers have access to a wide range of ways to do their groceries: online, through farm cooperatives and specialized stores. Historical vectors of food supply and representing a French-style "Art de Vivre", local markets seem unshakeable and continue to play an important role in the lives of French citizens who seek to shop local. Faced with new consumer demands, local markets are looking to adapt to the changing habits of their customers, particularly in terms of environmental impacts. More specifically, Parisian markets are affected by the increasingly restrictive transportation environmental standards enforced by the city. Despite this, very few studies have been conducted on the real impact of the transport of food markets, which supply Parisians on a daily basis. They stand out from their regional counterparts, as the Ile-de-France region is not self-sufficient to feed all of its inhabitants, which results in only a small share of merchandise being sourced from local producers. Largely dependent on national agriculture and imports, the presence of the world's largest fresh products market (Rungis International Market) reflects a steadily increasing need for one of the world's most populous agglomerations. By means of a quantitative study, this article provides an initial assessment of the environmental impact of the regular maintenance of food markets and suggests potential development possibilities to maintain their activities while reducing their carbon footprint.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 31, 2019 - 8:10:55 AM
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Raphael Benoit, Corine Gunot, Simon Tamayo, Arthur Gaudron, Frédéric Fontane. Food open-air markets in Paris: transportation environmental issues. World Conference on Transport Research, May 2019, Mumbai, India. ⟨hal-02144605⟩

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