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Differential regulation of sunitinib targets predicts its tumor-type-specific effect on endothelial and/or tumor cell apoptosis

Abstract : PURPOSE: Sunitinib is an inhibitor of tyrosine-kinase receptors, and no biomarker predictive of sunitinib response is available. The purpose of this preclinical study was to show whether sunitinib molecular targets could be used as biomarkers to assess tumor response to sunitinib in human cancer cell line xenografts of three different tumor types. METHODS: Using mice xenografted with liver, breast and renal carcinoma cell lines, we sequentially analyzed the effect of 7-day sunitinib treatment on tumor and vascular compartments. RESULTS: In all xenografts, microvessel damage occurred from Day 1. Tumor damage also occurred in liver, breast, but not in renal xenografts. Using specific human and mouse probes for genes encoding sunitinib targets, we showed a significant relation between apoptotic tumor cell numbers and human PDGFRΒ and RET mRNA expression in liver cancer and to human VEGFR2 expression in breast cancer xenografts. In contrast, in renal cancer xenografts, vascular effect evaluated by measuring endothelial cell apoptosis was related to mouse Vegfr1, Vegfr2 and Vegfa-164 expression. CONCLUSION: This study identifies sunitinib vascular and tumor effects according to different tumor types and shows that sunitinib molecular targets used as biomarkers enable assessment of therapeutic response.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02142772
Contributor : Stéphane Germain <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 6:48:15 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 10:02:04 AM

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Guilhem Bousquet, Mariana Varna, Irmine Ferreira, Li Wang, Pierre Mongiat-Artus, et al.. Differential regulation of sunitinib targets predicts its tumor-type-specific effect on endothelial and/or tumor cell apoptosis. Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, Springer Verlag, 2013, 72 (6), pp.1183--1193. ⟨10.1007/s00280-013-2300-0⟩. ⟨hal-02142772⟩

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