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Multi-factorial in vivo stable isotope fractionation: causes, correlations, consequences and applications

Abstract : Many physical and chemical processes in living systems are accompanied by isotope fractionation on H, C, N, O and S. Although kinetic or thermodynamic isotope effects are always the basis, their in vivo manifestation is often modulated by secondary influences. These include metabolic branching events or metabolite channeling, metabolite pool sizes, reaction mechanisms, anatomical properties and compartmentation of plants and animals, and climatological or environmental conditions. In the present contribution, the fundamentals of isotope effects and their manifestation under in vivo conditions are outlined. The knowledge about and the understanding of these interferences provide a potent tool for the reconstruction of physiological events in plants and animals, their geographical origin, the history of bulk biomass and the biosynthesis of defined representatives. It allows the use of isotope characteristics of biomass for the elucidation of biochemical pathways and reaction mechanisms and for the reconstruction of climatic, physiological, ecological and environmental conditions during biosynthesis. Thus, it can be used for the origin and authenticity control of food, the study of ecosystems and animal physiology, the reconstruction of present and prehistoric nutrition chains and paleaoclimatological conditions. This is demonstrated by the outline of fundamental and application-orientated examples for all bio-elements. The aim of the review is to inform (advanced) students from various disciplines about the whole potential and the scope of stable isotope characteristics and fractionations and to provide them with a comprehensive introduction to the literature on fundamental aspects and applications.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02142135
Contributor : Jean Michel Bouler Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 2:22:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 29, 2019 - 1:34:14 AM

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Hanns-Ludwig Schmidt, Richard J. Robins, Roland A. Werner. Multi-factorial in vivo stable isotope fractionation: causes, correlations, consequences and applications. ISOTOPES IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH STUDIES, 2015, 51 (1, SI), pp.155-199. ⟨10.1080/10256016.2015.1014355⟩. ⟨hal-02142135⟩

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