On the use of the partitioning approach to derive Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in sediments: A review of existing data

Abstract : A review of experimental data has been performed to study the relationships between the concentration in water, pore water and sediments for different families of organic contaminants. The objective was to determine whether it is possible to set EQS for sediments from EQS defined for surface waters in the Daughter Directive of the European Parliament (COM (2006) 397). The analysis of experimental data showed that even though in some specific cases there is a coupling between water column and sediments, this coupling is rather the exception. Therefore it is not recommendable to use water column data to assess the chemical quality status of sediments and it is necessary to measure in both media. At the moment EQS have been defined for the water column and will assess only the compliance with good chemical status of surface waters. Since the sediment toxicity depends on the dissolved pore water concentration, the EQS developed for water could be applied to pore water (interstitial water); hence, there would be no need of developing another set of EQS. The partitioning approach has been proposed as a solution to calculate sediment EQS from water EQS, but the partitioning coefficient strongly depends on sediment characteristics and its use introduces an important uncertainty in the definition of sediment EQS. Therefore, the direct measurement of pore water concentration is regarded as a better option.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02138535
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 7:06:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 24, 2019 - 1:17:30 AM

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Sibylle Dueri, Javier Castro-Jiménez, José-Manuel Zaldívar Comenges. On the use of the partitioning approach to derive Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in sediments: A review of existing data. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2008, 403 (1-3), pp.23-33. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.05.016⟩. ⟨hal-02138535⟩

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