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On dynamic behavior of bone: experimental and numerical study of porcine ribs subjected to impact loads in dynamic three-point bending tests

Aravind Rajan Ayagara 1 André Langlet 1 Ridha Hambli 2
1 DivS - Dynamique interactions vibrations Structures
LaMé - Laboratoire de Mécanique Gabriel Lamé
2 MMP - Mécanique des Matériaux et Procédés
LaMé - Laboratoire de Mécanique Gabriel Lamé
Abstract : This study covers the characterization of the dynamic behavior of isolated porcine ribs based on experimental and numerical approaches. A Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) setup for three-point bending tests was used. Data of 20 tests were considered to be comprehensible for experimental characterization, thereby, showing an influence of strain rate on both time for fracture and amplitudes of force response. A three-dimensional porcine rib model was generated from the DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine) images of High-Resolution peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (HR-pQCT) scans. Material properties having been fitted by power law regression equations based on apparent density were assigned to the numerical rib. A modified elastic-plastic constitutive law, capable of considering the effects of strain rate was adopted. An incremental and stress-state dependent damage law, capable of considering effects of strain rate on fracture propagation, non-linear damage accumulation and instabilities was coupled to the constitutive law. The Finite Element (FE) model shows high efficiency in predicting both force-displacement curve and the fracture patterns of tested ribs. Predictions prove the ability of the proposed model to investigate the fracture behavior of human ribs under dynamic loads.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 9:28:03 AM
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Aravind Rajan Ayagara, André Langlet, Ridha Hambli. On dynamic behavior of bone: experimental and numerical study of porcine ribs subjected to impact loads in dynamic three-point bending tests. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.05.031⟩. ⟨hal-02137595v2⟩

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