Glycotargeting: the preparation of glyco-amino acids and derivatives from unprotected reducing sugars.

Abstract : Lectins are present on the surface of many cells. Many lectins actively recycle from membrane to endosomes and efficiently take up glycoconjugates in a sugar-dependent manner. On this basis, glycoconjugates, specially those obtained by chemical means, are good candidates as carriers of drugs, oligonucleotides or genes. In this paper, we present a panel of methods suitable to transform unprotected reducing oligosaccharides into glycosynthons designed to be easily linked to therapeutic agents. All the glycosynthons presented here are glycosylamines or derivatives, mainly glyco-amino acids or glycopeptides. Glycosylamines are easy to obtain, but they are very labile in slightly acidic or neutral medium; they must be stabilized, by acylation for instance. The coupling efficiency of a reducing sugar with ammonia as well as an alkylamine or an arylamine is higher at high temperature, however, because of the Amadori rearrangement, special conditions have to be selected to prepare the expected glycosylamine derivative with a high yield. Glycosylamines are easily acylated by N-protected amino acids, or by halogeno acids which can then be transformed into amino acids. Alternatively, unprotected reducing oligosaccharides may very efficiently be transformed into N-glycosyl-amino acids and then protected by N-acylation. With a glutamyl derivative having both the alpha-amino and the gamma-carboxylic groups free, the coupling and the acylation, which is intramolecular, are roughly quantitative. N-oligosaccharyl-amino acid derivatives are interesting glycosynthons, because their sugar moiety bears the specificity towards membrane lectins while the amino acid part has the capacity to easily substitute a therapeutic agent.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 21, 2019 - 4:50:30 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 23, 2019 - 3:32:04 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02136005, version 1
  • PUBMED : 9587667

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M Monsigny, C. Quétard, S. Bourgerie, D. Delay, Chantal Pichon, et al.. Glycotargeting: the preparation of glyco-amino acids and derivatives from unprotected reducing sugars.. Biochimie, Elsevier, 1998, 80 (2), pp.99-108. ⟨hal-02136005⟩

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