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High aspect ratio micro-explosions in the bulk of sapphire generated by femtosecond Bessel beams

Abstract : Femtosecond pulses provide an extreme degree of confinement of light matter-interactions in highbandgap materials because of the nonlinear nature of ionization. It was recognized very early on that a highly focused single pulse of only nanojoule energy could generate spherical voids in fused silica and sapphire crystal as the nanometric scale plasma generated has energy sufficient to compress the material around it and to generate new material phases. But the volumes of the nanometric void and of the compressed material are extremely small. Here we use single femtosecond pulses shaped into high-angle Bessel beams at microjoule energy, allowing for the creation of very high 100:1 aspect ratio voids in sapphire crystal, which is one of the hardest materials, twice as dense as glass. The void volume is 2 orders of magnitude higher than those created with Gaussian beams. Femtosecond and picosecond illumination regimes yield qualitatively different damage morphologies. These results open novel perspectives for laser processing and new materials synthesis by laser-induced compression.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02134468
Contributor : Optique Femto-St <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 3:35:28 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 12:02:08 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02134468, version 1

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Ludovic Rapp, Rémi Meyer, Remo Giust, Luca Furfaro, Maxime Jacquot, et al.. High aspect ratio micro-explosions in the bulk of sapphire generated by femtosecond Bessel beams. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 6, pp.34286 (6). ⟨hal-02134468⟩

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