The Complexity of Transducer Synthesis from Multi-Sequential Specifications

Abstract : The transducer synthesis problem on finite words asks, given a specification S ⊆ I × O, where I and O are sets of finite words, whether there exists an implementation f : I → O which (1) fulfils the specification, i.e., (i, f (i)) ∈ S for all i ∈ I, and (2) can be defined by some input-deterministic (aka sequential) transducer T f. If such an implementation f exists, the procedure should also output T f. The realisability problem is the corresponding decision problem. For specifications given by synchronous transducers (which read and write alternately one symbol), this is the finite variant of the classical synthesis problem on ω-words, solved by Büchi and Landweber in 1969, and the realisability problem is known to be ExpTime-c in both finite and ω-word settings. For specifications given by asynchronous transducers (which can write a batch of symbols, or none, in a single step), the realisability problem is known to be undecidable. We consider here the class of multi-sequential specifications, defined as finite unions of sequential transducers over possibly incomparable domains. We provide optimal decision procedures for the realisability problem in both the synchronous and asynchronous setting, showing that it is PSpace-c. Moreover, whenever the specification is realisable, we expose the construction of a sequential transducer that realises it and has a size that is doubly exponential, which we prove to be optimal. Acknowledgements We warmly thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and Christof Löding for pointing us to some related references.
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Léo Exibard, Emmanuel Filiot, Ismaël Jecker. The Complexity of Transducer Synthesis from Multi-Sequential Specifications. MFCS 2018, Aug 2018, Liverpool, United Kingdom. ⟨10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.46⟩. ⟨hal-02134273⟩

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