Politics, onomastics and dubbing: what are anthroponyms the names of?

Abstract : Within lexicology, onomastics considers proper names, which are supposed to be unique lexical markers. One of their characteristics, according to linguists, is their untranslatability. Nevertheless, translation provides relevant tools for onomastics researchers. Comparative approaches, as they question the concept of the signifiers’ referents for the target readers or listeners, ask for reflections on the essential meaning of proper names, their translation often revealing connotations well beyond the original marker. Thus, political anthroponyms prove very interesting: etymologically, politics imply a territorial setting. In movies, which picture a realistic world, a make-believe, the setting can be difficult to grasp if films are dubbed. In Woody Allen’s movies, proper names are used as a socio-cultural code shared between the fictional members of New York intelligentsia, and, outside of the film, by the director and its audience. Drawing on liberal connivance, they build an anti-conservative front, usually ironic. Those proper names’ connotations may then be difficult to interpret by a French-speaking audience, whose “encyclopaedia” differs from the American one. Indeed, proper names in dialogues presuppose the existence of the people referred to, a parameter to be accepted by both sides. This article investigates the treatment of politicians’ names coming from three movies, Annie Hall (1977), Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989) and Deconstructing Harry (1997), in their original and French dubbed versions, to show how translation studies help onomastics to highlight their political semantic load.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02131672
Contributor : Frédérique Brisset <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 16, 2019 - 3:06:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 1:39:06 AM

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Frédérique Brisset. Politics, onomastics and dubbing: what are anthroponyms the names of?. Al-Kīmīya, Faculté de langues et de traduction de l’Université Saint-Joseph de Beyrouth, A paraître, Langue et traduction : recherches pluridisciplinaires, ⟨https://www.usj.edu.lb/publications/catalogue/my-usjinfo.php?perpubid=1627⟩. ⟨hal-02131672⟩

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