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Structure and biological evaluation of new cyclic and acyclic laxaphycin-A type peptides

Abstract : Five new laxaphycins were isolated and fully characterised from the bloom forming cyanobacteria Anabaena torulosa sampled from Moorea, French Polynesia: threeacyclic laxaphycin A-type peptides, acyclolaxaphycin A (1), [des-Gly 11 ]acyclolaxaphycin A (2) and [des-(Leu 10 -Gly 11 )]acyclolaxaphycin A (3), as well as two cyclicones, [ L -Val 8 ]laxaphycin A (4) and [ D -Val 9 ]laxaphycin A (5). The absolute configuration of the amino acids, established using advanced Marfey’s analysis forcompounds 2–5, highlights a conserved stereochemistry at the Cα carbons of the peptide ring that is characteristic of this family. To the best of our knowledge, this isthe first report of acyclic analogues within the laxaphycin A-type peptides. Whether these linear laxaphycins with the aliphatic β-amino acid on the N-terminal arebiosynthetic precursors or compounds obtained after enzymatic hydrolysis of the macrocycle is discussed. Biological evaluation of the new compounds together withthe already known laxaphycin A shows that [ L -Val 8 ]laxaphycin A, [ D -Val 9 ]laxaphycin A and [des-Gly 11 ]acyclolaxaphycin induce cellular toxicity whereas laxaphycinA and des-[(Leu 10 -Gly 11 )]acyclolaxaphycin A do not affect the cellular viability. An analysis of cellular death shows that the active peptides do not induce apoptosisor necrosis but instead, involve the autophagy pathway.
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Louis Bornancin, Eva Alonso, Rebeca Alvariño, Nicolas Inguimbert, Isabelle Bonnard, et al.. Structure and biological evaluation of new cyclic and acyclic laxaphycin-A type peptides. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, Elsevier, 2019, 27 (10), pp.1966-1980. ⟨10.1016/j.bmc.2019.03.046⟩. ⟨hal-02130429⟩

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