Fast Simulation of Stent Deployment with Plastic Beam Elements

Abstract : Coronary stent deployment is a reference cardi-ology intervention, used to treat atherosclerosis and prevent heart attacks. The outcomes of the intervention highly depend on the accuracy of the stent apposition, which could benefit from per-operative prediction tools. In this paper, we propose a fast and mechanically realistic 3D simulation of a coronary stent expansion. Our simulation relies on the finite element method and involves serially linked beam elements to model the slender geometry of a stent. The elements are implemented with a non-linear elasto-plastic behavior, describing realistically the complex deformation of a balloon-expandable stent. As a proof of concept, we simulated the free expansion of a coronary stent. The simulation output was compared with micro-CT data, acquired experimentally during the device expansion. Results show that the plastic beam model is able to reproduce successfully the final geometry of the stent. In addition, the use of 1D elements allows to achieve a significantly lower computational time than for equivalent literature simulations, based on 3D elements. This preliminary work highlights the compatibility of our method with clinical routine in terms of execution time. Further developments include the application of the method to more advanced simulation scenarios, with the addition of a personalized artery model.
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Camille Krewcun, Laurent Sarry, Nicolas Combaret, Emilie Pery. Fast Simulation of Stent Deployment with Plastic Beam Elements. EMBC, Jul 2019, Berlin, Germany. ⟨hal-02122546⟩

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