A novel electrochemical aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 in human serum

Abstract : Tau protein plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the assay to detect low concentrations of tau protein is a great challenge for the early diagnosis of AD. We will outline a novel aptamer-antibody sandwich assay based on an electrochemical biosensor for the detection of tau-381 in human serum. To improve the detection sensitivity, the aptamer-antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 was developed by using a tau antibody (anti-tau) and an aptamer specific to tau-381 as the recognition element and cysteamine-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for signal amplification. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was employed to record the signal response of tau-381 with different concentrations. The tau-381 concentration ranged from 0.5 pM to 100 pM. The responses of DPV measurements showed excellent results in this dynamic range. This simple, rapid, highly sensitive and specific assay gave a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.42 pM for tau-381. The feasibility and reliability of the assay were verified by testing tau-381 in human serum from patients with AD. Thus, this method could prove valuable in diagnosing AD within the early stages of the disease.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 30, 2019 - 3:24:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 1, 2019 - 1:20:13 AM

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Bingqing Shui, Dan Tao, Jing Cheng, Yong Mei, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault, et al.. A novel electrochemical aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 in human serum. Analyst, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, 143 (15), pp.3549-3554. ⟨10.1039/c8an00527c⟩. ⟨hal-02115884⟩

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