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Endospanin-2 enhances skeletal muscle energy metabolism and running endurance capacity

Abstract : Metabolic stresses such as dietary energy restriction or physical activity exert beneficial metabolic effects. In the liver, endospanin-1 and endospanin-2 cooperatively modulate calorie restriction-mediated (CR-mediated) liver adaptations by controlling growth hormone sensitivity. Since we found CR to induce endospanin protein expression in skeletal muscle, we investigated their role in this tissue. In vivo and in vitro endospanin-2 triggers ERK phosphorylation in skeletal muscle through an autophagy-dependent pathway. Furthermore, endospanin-2, but not endospanin-1, overexpression decreases muscle mitochondrial ROS production, induces fast-to-slow fiber-type switch, increases skeletal muscle glycogen content, and improves glucose homeostasis, ultimately promoting running endurance capacity. In line, endospanin-2-/- mice display higher lipid peroxidation levels, increased mitochondrial ROS production under mitochondrial stress, decreased ERK phosphorylation, and reduced endurance capacity. In conclusion, our results identify endospanin-2 as a potentially novel player in skeletal muscle metabolism, plasticity, and function.
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Contributor : Yves Rouillé <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 3:58:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 4:48:02 PM

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Steve Lancel, Matthijs K.C. Hesselink, Estelle Woldt, Yves Rouillé, Emilie Dorchies, et al.. Endospanin-2 enhances skeletal muscle energy metabolism and running endurance capacity. JCI Insight, American Society for Clinical Investigation, 2018, 3 (9), pp.98081. ⟨10.1172/jci.insight.98081⟩. ⟨hal-02114418⟩



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