Les pratiques de modifications génitales féminines : entre condamnation et valorisation.

Abstract : Interventions to modify female sexual organs have a long history in several parts of the world but their associated representations in Western contemporary societies remain strongly rooted in binary patterns: some practices, perceived as traditional, are morally and criminally condemned while others, linked with new technologies, are allowed and valued. Thus, Female Genital Cutting that have long been thought of as exclusively African are described as “mutilation”, while certain forms of sexual surgery similar to Female Genital Cutting in terms of alteration of the genitalia are considered cosmetic. This article proposes to analyze all these practices under the global term of female genital modifications and to question the terms of their comparability, at different levels: language, legal, statistical, gender, sexual and medical. While conceptual similarities can be identified, real or perceived differences are highlighted, helping to perpetuate the disjointed and contradictory approach of practices. The global perspective proposed in this article helps to overcome this dichotomy and considers its implications for law, medicine and scientific research.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 12:21:20 PM
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Marie Lesclingand. Les pratiques de modifications génitales féminines : entre condamnation et valorisation.. 2019. ⟨hal-02110298⟩

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