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Hybrid Beamforming for dual-polarized antenna

Abstract : Recently, dual-polarized antenna has attracted strong attention in Millimeter wave (mmWave) systems. It provides an additional degree-of-freedom in wireless communication, yielding higher throughput. Nowadays, with the development of antenna technology, dual-polarized large scale antenna arrays can be realized inexpensively. However, several challenges must be addressed when using dual-polarized antennas in practical transmission such as mobile phone rotation and non-ideal polarization isolation. We address these challenges in the frame of dual-polarized hybrid beamformers. In this paper, we analyze the performance of dual-polarized beamforming based on two popular techniques: Beam steering and Orthogonal Matching Pursuit. Three categories of dual-polarized beam steering are analyzed : (1) same ray : the two polarizations are sent on the same ray, (2) different ray-same polarization : the two polarizations are sent on different pathes, and the receiver uses the same polarization as the emitter, (3) different ray-different polarization : the receiver uses the orthogonal polarization w.r.t. the emitter. An algorithm to choose the rays and polarizations to use, taking the mobile rotation into account, is also developed. Moreover, we develop a hybrid beamforming algorithm inspired by Orthogonal Matching Pursuit that approaches the fully digital beamforming data-rate and outperforms beam steering. Its developed version-Orthogonal based Matching Pursuit-is also introduced to reduce the computational complexity and overcome the unavailability of the Angle of Arrival.
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Contributor : Luc Deneire <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 2:18:22 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 10:30:31 AM


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Dien-Hoa Truong, Luc Deneire, Fabien Ferrero. Hybrid Beamforming for dual-polarized antenna. WCNC 2019, Apr 2019, Marrakech, France. pp.1-6, ⟨10.1109/WCNC.2019.8885767⟩. ⟨hal-02106966⟩



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